What is the size of the relationship between global mental toughness and youth experiences?

Martin I. Jones, John K. Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Youth experiences are a core requirement for components of positive youth development and may be associated with an athlete's mental toughness. The purposes of this study were to examine the relationship between mental toughness and youth experiences. Two hundred and ninety nine athletes (Mage 19.48years, SD 1.30) completed the Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire and Youth Experiences Survey. We then conducted a standard multiple regression on the data. R for regression was significantly different from zero, F(6, 292)=8.106, p=.0001, with R2 at .14. Altogether, 14% (13% adjusted) of the variance in mental toughness was accounted for by youth experiences. These results reveal that initiative experiences have the strongest relationship with mental toughness; however, youth experiences may not be as important as previous studies suggest. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-523
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Positive youth experiences
  • Psychological development
  • Youth sport


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