Psychological Outcomes of REDD+ Projects: Evidence from Country Case Studies

Jack Baynes, Geoff Lovell, John Herbohn

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


We apply self-determination theory (SDT) to explain how psychological outcomes on participants in ‘Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation’ (REDD +) projects can provide lessons for other forest landscape management programmes. Evidence from REDD + case studies suggests that negative outcomes may result from three design factors. Payment for environmental services (PES) may reduce participants’ motivation and competence in livelihood activities. A large-scale landscape approach to REDD + increases stakeholder heterogeneity which may reduce participants’ ability to liaise and cooperate. Trade-offs between traditional forest uses and conservation goals may reduce participants’ autonomy to develop their livelihoods. By inference, replicating these design factors in comparable forest landscape management programmes or projects may also result in similar negative outcomes. Replacing PES with additional—not substitute—livelihood-based capacity building and reducing the physical landscape to the social landscape which encompasses stakeholders’ capacity to work together may mitigate these outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


  • Locus of causality
  • Payments for environmental services
  • Psychosocial autonomy
  • Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation
  • Self-determination theory


Dive into the research topics of 'Psychological Outcomes of REDD+ Projects: Evidence from Country Case Studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this