Co-Produced Care in Veterinary Services: A Qualitative Study of UK Stakeholders' Perspectives

Alison Z Pyatt, Keith Walley, Gillian H Wright, Emma C L Bleach

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)


Changes in client behaviour and expectations, and a dynamic business landscape, amplify the already complex nature of veterinary and animal health service provision. Drawing on prior experiences, veterinary clients increasingly pursue enhanced involvement in services and have expectations of relationship-centred care. Co-production as a conceptualisation of reciprocity in service provision is a fundamental offering in the services sector, including human medicine, yet the role of co-production in veterinary services has been minimally explored. Utilising a service satisfaction framework, semi-structured interviews (n = 13) were completed with three veterinary stakeholder groups, veterinarians, allied animal health practitioners, and veterinary clients. Interview transcript data were subject to the qualitative data analysis techniques, thematic analysis and grounded theory, to explore relationship-centred care and subsequently conceptualise co-production service for the sector. Six latent dimensions of service were emergent, defined as: empathy, bespoke care, professional integrity, value for money, confident relationships, and accessibility. The dimensions strongly advocate wider sector adoption of a co-produced service, and a contextualised co-production framework is presented. Pragmatic challenges associated with integration of active veterinary clients in a practitioner–client partnership are evident. However, adopting a people-centric approach to veterinary services and partnerships with clients can confer the advantages of improved client satisfaction, enhanced treatment adherence and outcomes, and business sustainability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number149
JournalVeterinary Sciences
Issue number4
Early online date1 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • co-production
  • grounded theory
  • qualitative
  • veterinary clients
  • veterinary communication
  • veterinary service


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