Article: MET V PNF; What, When and How?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Both MET (muscle energy technique) and PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation) are perceived as effective manual techniques, but for many therapists there is still some confusion about them. This article aims to clarify the theory behind both, explaining what they involve, when they should be used, and how they should be carried out. Stretching is a primary tool for preventing injury, but it is vital for clinicians to understand how stretches are correctly applied. The outcome to improve flexibility is the same with MET and PNF, but there are a number of important differences in their clinical application. The lack of consensus among studies, combined with the development of both techniques at a similar time, has resulted in a blurring of their definitions and an overlap between the two in many studies. As well as comparing the techniques of MET and PNF, this article will examine the current evidence base for each.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSport Ex Dynamics
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Article: MET V PNF; What, When and How?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this